Varlık Fenomenolojisinde Şiir ve Mekân
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POETRY AND SPACE IN THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF BEING Supervisor: Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, M Mesut ÇELİK Author: Mohammad SAEİ Abstract So far, there have been various ways of designing. These techniques, which lead to new developments in the field of art and design, have been the source of ideas for designers and have caused to many innovations. The ways that lead to creativity are generally defined in two categories: abstractness and concreteness. The concept of abstractness depends on the world of subjectivity versus the object of the world, and it happens in the world of imagination. Poetry has an abstract structure and derives from the world of images. Poetry uses words to realize images in the poet's mind. As well as architecture, it does the job of a variety of materials. But when readers read the text, interpret the poem from their perspectives and imaginations. When we look at poetry in literature, poetry is a dialectical synthesis of language and the intelligence of society. When space is at stake, spaces are the official refuge of the emotional and spiritual worlds of man. Spaces discover the existence of multilayered intelligence, thinking, and imagination through poetry. A designer can give a specific idea of the problems that approach the design process. Also, they can develop this basic idea as a method and technique. In this study, the relationship between poetry and space in the phenomenology of being as the main topic is discussed, and in the first part, the authors' thoughts have been used in this field and the boundaries of our studies to reach the topic of phenomenology. And in the second part, we examine the phenomenological studies of being and space and try to explain the definition of space in the phenomenology of being. In the philosophy of phenomenology, the man understands the universe with its interpretations and experiences. An artist can create a different and unique work by iv approaching the essence of objects and places by the phenomenological method. If a poet can create his poetry under the influence of spaces, an architect can create poetic spaces inspired by poetry based on his interpretation and imagination. Shaping the form and controlling it is the easiest way to form a space. Yet, like poetry, the place is full of imagination and emotion, Thus, if we consider space in this way, we can create many poetic spaces; in other words, space is poetry, if poetry embodies imagination by using arrays such as metaphors, paradoxes, and symbols. Also, space is not Exceptions in the effectiveness of these arrays. Thus, Chapter Three discusses the relationship between poetry and place and the themes that lead to creativity. In the final section, we present creativity options by summarizing the tangible, abstract, and emotional (poetic) methods of our subject. Through the knowledge of design, one can create the science of design and develop a scientific design. Experimental data from design processes are needed to test design cognitive activity models. Therefore, it is important to help designers who adopt design science and support design education and to develop appropriate approaches. Keywords: Being, phenomenology, poetry, space and poetics.