Yabancı Dil Olarak Türkçenin Öğretiminde Sözcükler Arası Anlam İlişkileri: Yeni Hitit Yabancılar İçin Türkçe Örneği
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Vocabulary constitutes an important learning field for teaching Turkish as a foreign language. It is crucial for students to use four skills accurately. Knowing a word means having the knowledge of its phonological, morphological, semantic, grammatical features and it is required to make use of linguistics to comprehend these features. Within this scope semantics, a micro field of linguistics that explains semantic features of words, is used to understand the interlexical sense relations, the subject of this study. The aim of this study is to explain the interlexical sense relations in teaching Turkish as a foreign language with semantics viewpoint and analyze teaching of these relations with critical viewpoint. For this purpose, basic categories of this study synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, collocation, part-whole relation, componential analysis, and translation equivalence that have been determined based on Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEF) have been explained with semantics viewpoint. Course book and workbook of basic level Yeni Hitit Yabancılar İçin Türkçe, prepared to be used in classes of Turkish as a foreign language, have been analyzed together with teacher’s book in terms of teaching of interlexical sense relations with critical viewpoint. Data, obtained by analysis, have been digitized and described. In the light of these results, suggestions regarding the teaching of interlexical sense relations have been made.
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