Model Destekli Argümantasyon Tabanlı Bilim Öğrenme Yaklaşımının İlkokul Fen Dersinde Uygulanması
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The aim of this study is to determine the effect of Argument Based Inquiry Approach Supported with Models (ABIASM) on students' conceptual understanding and ability to form model supported argumentation in primary school science. In addition, the opinions of students and teachers about the implementation process were determined. The study was carried out with 107 students attending 4th grade in a primary school in Konya city center. In the study, which was designed as a quasi-experimental design, (ABIASM) approach was applied in the experimental group on ‘properties of matter’ and ‘lighting and sound technologies’ in accordance with the curriculum. In the classes identified as a comparison group, the teachers processed the program prepared for science courses with their pedagogical knowledge gained from their past experiences. In the study, conceptual comprehension tests of the determined units were used as data collection tools. Semi-structured interview forms were used in order to determine teachers’ and students’ opinions about (ABIASM) reports and implementation process. During the 21-week application period, t-test and ANCOVA were used to assess students conceptual understanding levels and their ability to form model supported argumentation. In order to assess the views of teachers and students, content analysis was conducted from qualitative analysis applications. According to the findings obtained from the study, it was found that (ABIASM) approach increased students' conceptual understanding levels. It was observed that the students' ability to form model supported argumentation increased in the process. Teachers 'and students' opinions about the implementation process were in parallel and it was determined that they had positive opinions about the (ABIASM) approach. As a result of the study, it was concluded that the (ABIASM) approach was generally more useful than the current application of primary science courses.
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