Kendi Geçerliliğini Kanıtlayan Bir Tarih: Diyalektiğin Diyalektik Gelişimi ve Onto-Politika
Elgür, Ersin Vedat
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In this study it is asserted that dialectic movement itself according to which existents are organized via some principle, has a dialectical development. During the manifestation of this assertion, three main moments are fixed: abstract (or ideal) determination of dialectics; negative-rational (reel) determination of it; and positive-"rational" (or ontological) determination) of it. In the first moment dialectics, which is yet ideal and immanent form of reason, and deprived of any ontological determination, is represented by Plato, Aristotle and Kant and the second moment, in which reason wants to see itself in its own reality, is represented by Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel. In the second moment, desire to find itself in reality doesn't come fruition, because the principle is deficient, and therefore stays in the sphere of "reel". But, ontological movement of commodity form of product as central unit which articulates all existents through exchange value is ascertained by Marx, and so, third moment is determined by this figure. Being centered of ontology, specially with Marx's The Capital, as central discipline and the role of dialectics in great political influence it created bring out a second argument of ours; it is that, the spreading form of ontology, dialectics, philosophy relation into politics develops parallel with dialectical movement of dialectics. Depending on the principle of dialectical movement which organizes existents as being, first moment of dialectical development of dialectics is ideal-politics; the second moment is reel-politics, ant the third is onto-politics. Our study is intended to show being-dialectics-politics relations to our days' incapable, and propertyles political ground and therefore remember that ontology is the main discipline.