Fenomenolojiden Politikaya 20. Yüzyılda Başkalık Sorunu
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This thesis intends to discuss the question of how and why the notion of otherness became a central concept of the 20th century philosophy. In this context, the study will concentrate on the philosophical doctrines of Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger and Emmanuel Levinas with regards to their handling of otherness from phenomenological, ontological and ethical perspectives respectively. Along with the contributions to the definition and meaning of the concept, the impasses of these intellectual endeavours consisting of the phenomenological, ontological and ethical perspectives of Husserl, Heidegger and Levinas will provide a basis for the consequential argument of this study. By passing through each of these intellectual moments, this thesis aims to assert that, despite all the enormous contributions of phenomenological, ontological and ethical perspectives, the concept of otherness can only reach its accurate meaning when discussed on the basis of political philosophy.