Yoğun Bakım Ünitelerinde Çalışan Hemşirelerin Hastaların Duyusal Gereksinimlerine Yönelik Yaklaşımları
Üzar Özçetin, Yeter Sinem
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This research was made as a descriptive study to determine internal medicine intensive care units nurses’ approaches to patients’ sensorial needs. The universe of the research consist of 107 nurses. 95 of these nurses joined the study willingly who are working in internal medicine intensive care units in Ankara Atatürk, Ankara, Ankara Numune, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt and Etlik İhtisas Education and Research Hospital, Gazi University Medical Faculty Hospital and Hacettepe University Adult Hospital. Data was collected by Nurse Data Form and The Case Form between May 15th and June 15th, 2012. Percentage and chi-square were used for data evaluation. According to the results of this research, 90,6% of nurses determine that intensive care patients have sensorial needs. 39,4% of nurses determine that they understand patients’ sensorial needs when the patients become agitated, 49,2% of them understand patients’ sensorial needs have been met when patients become calm down. 46,3% of nurses define intensive care unit patients as dependent, need care and 14,8% of them said that continuing vital support must take the first place of patients needs. 64 of nurses determined all sensorial needs correctly which took place in The Case Form. 82.1% of nurses determined vision sensorial need in the case correctly, as an approach 54,8% of these nurses determined that they will prevent the patient from seeing other patients. 90,5% of nurses determined the hearing case correctly and 60% of them said that they will give information to patient and relieve psychologically. 95,8% of nurses defined the olfaction case correctly and 60% of them stated that they will attempt to remove the smell. 98,9% of nurses identified the touching case correctly and 52,3% of them determined that they will touch to paients. 93,7% of nurses knew the tasting case correctly and 38.3% of these nurses stated that they will give information to patients and relieve psychologically. 97,9% of them identified the pain case correctly and 29,7% of them said that they will do medication and nontherapeutic applications to reduce the pain. Based on these results, it can be said that nurses can determine patients’ sensorial needs correctly but they have problems about determining the appropriate intervention for these needs. Therefore, training programs can be suggested for developing nurses’ knowledge and skills about sensorial needs.