Şiddete Maruz Kalan Kadınlara Uygulanan Güçlendirme Programının Kendilik Değerini Artırmaya ve Stresle Başetme Biçimlerine Etkisi
Bahadır Yılmaz, Emel
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The research was carried out as a pre-test, post-test, follow-up patterned and kontrol group intervention research to assess the effect of empowerment program on selfesteem and coping ways of women exposed to violence. Sixty women exposed to violence and accepting to take part in the study constituted the intervention and kontrol groups of the study. The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase of the study qualitative data on violenceperception and experiences of women were collected through semi-structured interviews. Empowerment program was carried out in the two phase of the study. Each session of the empowerment program taking place totally 10 weeks, was carried out in Giresun Family Counseling Center for 90 minutes. Data was collected with Questionnaire, Coopersmith Self-Esteem Scale, Learned Helplessness Attributional Style Questionnaire, Rosenbaum Learned Resourcefulness and The Ways of Coping Inventory. One way variance analysis in repeated measures and content analysis were used for statistical analysis. Qualitative data were grouped into five main themes. These are “to see all forms of violence”, “everything is excuse for violence”, “forgetting femininity”, “having to continue her marriage” and “to have to do certain behaviors to experience less violence”. Mean scores of self-esteem and learned resourcefulness of women increased significantly in post-test and follow-up (p<0.05). Mean scores of self confident, optimistic and social support seeking approach in The Ways of Coping Inventory increased significantly, unconfident and submissive approach scores decreased significantly (p<0.05). Empowerment program wasn’t effective on learned helplessness scores of them (p>0.05). In the direction of these findings, the implementation of empowerment programmes for women exposed to violence were suggested.