Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Uyku Süresi ile Diyet Kalitesi ve Obezite Arasındaki Ilişki
Heıdarzadeh Rad, Nazanin
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We aimed to examine the relationship between sleep duration and anthropometric measurements and diet quality among 19-30 years old individuals studying in Hacettepe University in Ankara. This study was conducted on 202 individuals including 78 male and 124 female. General characteristics, eating habits, sleep duration and patterns, as well as food frequency questionnaire, 24-hours dietary recall, physical activity records and anthropometric measurements were collected. DQI-I and HEI-2005 of the subjects were calculated then were compared to their sleep duration. The sleep duration of the individuals were classified in 3 groups (short: <6; normal: 6-8; long:> 8 hours), HEI in 3 (poor:≤50, moderate:51-80, good:>80 points) and DQI-I in 2 groups (poor: ≤60, good: >60 points). The average age of students was 22±2.8 years, body mass index was 23.4 ± 3.6 kg/m² in male and 21.8 ± 3.8 kg/m in female, sleep duration was 7.0±1.1 in male, 6.8±1.2 minutes in female, HEI-2005 score was 57.3 ± 10.5, DQI-I score was 52.0±9.2 points. HEI-2005 and DQI-I scores were increased parallel with the increase of the average sleep duration, but it was significant (p<0.05) only in DQI. Longer sleepers were found to have significantly higher HEI and DQI scores compared to shorter sleepers (p<0.05). Table salt usage in short sleepers was significantly higher (p<0.05). PAL value increased significantly with reducing sleep duration (p<0.05). BMI decreased with the increase of the sleep duration (p<0.05). These findings confirm the association between short sleep duration and obesity and lower diet quality in young adults.