Yetişkin Bireylerde Diyet Kalitesi ile Yaşam Kalitesi Arasındaki İlişkinin Değerlenlendirilmesi
Şahin, Mehmet Akif
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This study aimed to determine the relationship between diet quality and life quality in an adult population. The study was conducted on 1181 individuals, aged 19 to 65 years who were admitted to 19 Family Health Centers in Edirne. General characteristics, anthropometrical measurements and physical activity data of individuals were recorded. Food frequency questionnaire was used to determine diet quality; and Short Form-36 life quality questionnaire was used to determine the life quality. Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) scores of individuals were calculated, and then classified into three groups: good (over 80 points), moderate (between 51-80 points), and poor (50 and under points). Short Form-36 life quality questionnaire was used to calculate mental components score and physical components score. The mean of Healthy Eating Score was 58.3 for males, 63.8 for females. The diet quality score was significantly associated with mental components score (p<0.01). A strong relationship between diet quality and life quality was shown in this study. Moreover, individuals had low scores for consumption of total vegetables, whole grains and dairy products, and intake of sodium whereas high scores for consumption of total grains, meats and legumes and intake of saturated fat. Improving the life quality of populations is one of the main goals of public health strategies. This study showed that improving diet quality can help improving society’s life quality. Encouraging people for increasing their vegetable, grain and dairy consumption, and decreasing salt intake should be prior foresight to improve diet quality of people living in Edirne.