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dc.contributor.advisorPekcan, Güldentr_TR
dc.contributor.authorDelikanlı, Gülşentr_TR
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-14T13:32:28Z
dc.date.available2015-10-14T13:32:28Z
dc.date.issued2013tr_TR
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11655/1575
dc.description.abstractBreastfeeding and infant nutrition knowledge and practices of mothers varies by socio-economic status, educational level and settlement. The present study was held to determine the breastfeeding and infant nutrition knowledge levels and practices of lactating women (0-24 months postpartum) and to develop recommendations according to differences. A total of 250 mothers (0-24 months postpartum) and their babies (boy: 53.2%, girl: 46.8%) who admitted to KTU Faculty of Medicine, Farabi Hospital were recruited to the study. General characteristics of the mothers and their knowledge on infant nutrition were determined. Anthropometric measurements of babies at birth were determined from the mothers and records of the hospital. Current body weight, length, head and mid-upper arm circumferences were measured, body mass index was calculated and measurements were evaluated using WHO 2006 and 2007 growth standards. For the evaluation of dietary intake of lactating mothers (n=130) and babies over 6 months (n=210), 24 hour food recalls and food frequencies were taken retrospectively. Daily intake of carbohydrates and percentage of energy from carbohydrates were found statistically significant within income groups (p<0.05). Although the energy intake of the mothers were found different within age groups, education and income levels and settlements, the differences were not found statistically significant (p>0.05). Out of total, 94.0% of the babies were given colostrum 86.4% were breastfed within 12 hours after delivery and 82.4% were breastfed whenever the baby cries. Percentage of exclusively breastfeeding was 46.8%. Infant formula was given frequently as complementary feeding (66.1%). Mean birth weights of boys and girls were 3285.6 and 3275.3 g, respectively. Body weights of the babies, in 0-3, 4-6 and 6 months and over age groups were 3412.7 319.2, 6300.0 245.9, 9691.9 168.1 g for nonworking women babies and 4300.0 611.0, 6591.7 400.2, 10101.7 178.3 g for working women babies. The difference between mother groups was found statistically significant (p<0.05). Current lengths of babies, according to age groups, of the working mothers (52.7 1.2, 62.5 2.0, 75.4 0.8 cm, respectively) were significantly different from nonworking mothers (53.70 2.5, 60.1 1.2, 73.3 0.7 cm) (p<0.05). Out of total, 19.2% of the children was stunted (length for age <3. per.). Body mass index for age was evaluated and 4.4% of babies was found as very wasted (<3. per.), 10.4% as wasted ( 3-<15. per), 28.4% as overweight ( 85-<97. per) and 15.6% as obese ( 97. per). It could be concluded that, variations were found in mothers knowledge and practices on infant nutrition. Nutrition education of the mothers should be continued and their awareness should be increased.tr_TR
dc.language.isoturtr_TR
dc.publisherSağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsütr_TR
dc.subjectInfant nutritiontr_TR
dc.titleKaradeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Farabi Hastanesi'ne Başvuran 0-24 Ay Arası Bebeği Olan Annelerin Emzirme ve Bebek Beslenmesi Konusundaki Bilgi Düzeyleri ile Uygulamalarının Belirlenmesitr_TR
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesistr_TR
dc.callno2013/812tr_TR
dc.bolumBeslenme ve Diyetetik Anabilim Dalıtr_TR
dc.description.ozetAnnelerin emzirme ve bebek beslenmesi konusunda bilgi ve uygulamalar sosyoekonomik durum, e itim seviyesi ve ya an lan yere göre de mektedir. Bu çal ma 0-24 ayl k bebe i olan annelerin emzirme ve tamamlay beslenme ile ilgili bilgi düzeyleri ve davran lar belirlemek, bilgi ve uygulama farkl klar na göre öneriler geli tirmek amac yla yap lm r. KTÜ p Fakültesi Farabi Hastanesi’ne ba vuran 250 anne ve bebe i (erkek: %53.2, k z: %46.8) çal ma kapsam na al nm r. Annelerin genel özellikleri ve bebek beslenmesine ili kin bilgi düzeyleri belirlenmi tir. Bebeklerin do umdaki antropometrik ölçümleri annelerden ve dosya bilgilerinden renilmi , çal ma an nda ise vücut a rl , boy uzunlu u, ba çevresi, üst orta kol çevresi ölçülmü , beden kütle indeksi hesaplanm ve WHO, 2006 ve 2007 büyüme standartlar na göre de erlendirilmi tir. Bebe ini emzirmeye devam eden annelerin (n=130) ve 6 aydan büyük bebeklerin (n=210) 24 saatlik besin tüketim kayd ve besin tüketim s kl retrospektif olarak al nm r. Annelerin gelir durumuna göre günlük karbonhidrat al ve enerjinin karbonhidrattan gelen oran aras nda istatistiksel olarak anlaml fark saptanm r (p<0.05). Annelerin enerji al mlar ya a, e itim ve gelir durumuna, yerle im yerine göre farkl r. Ancak farkl k istatistiksel olarak anlaml de ildir (p>0.05). Bebeklerin %94’ü kolostrum al rken, %86.4’ü do umdan sonra ilk 12 saat içinde emzirilmi , %82.4’üne her a lad nda anne sütü verilmi tir. Alt ayda tek ba na anne sütü verilme oran %46.8’d r. Tamamlay besin olarak mama (%66.1) s kl kla verilmektedir. Erkek çocuklar n do um a rl klar ortalama 3285.6 ve k z çocuklar n ise ortalama 3275.3 g’d r. Bebeklerin 0-3, 4-6 ve 6 ay ve üzeri ya larda vücut a rl klar ras yla çal mayan annelerin bebeklerinde 3412.7 319.2, 6300.0 245.9, 9691.9 168.1 g ve çal an annelerin bebeklerinde ise 4300.0 611.0, 6591.7 400.2, 10101.7 178.3 gramd r ve fark istatistiksel olarak anlaml r (p<0.05). Bebeklerin boy uzunluklar da çal an annelerin bebeklerinde (52.7 1.2, 62.5 2.0, 75.4 0.8 cm) di er bebeklerden (53.70 2.5, 60.1 1.2, 73.3 0.7 cm) anlaml olarak farkl r (p<0.05). Bebeklerin %19.2’si (ya a göre boy uzunlu u <3.persentil) bodurdur. Ya a göre beden kütle indeksi de erlendirildi inde bebeklerin %4.4’ü çok zay f (<3. per.), % 10.4’ü zay f 3-<15. per), %28.4’ü kilolu ( 85-<97. per) ve %15.6’s mand r ( 97. per).Sonuç olarak, annelerin bebek beslenmesi konusundaki bilgi ve uygulamalar farkl r. Annelere sürekli olarak anne ve bebek beslenmesi konusunda e itim verilmesi sürdürülmeli ve bilinç düzeyleri artt lmal r.tr_TR


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