Tip 2 Diyabetik Bireylerde Diyet Magnezyum Alımı ve Serum Magnezyum Düzeyi ile Metabolik Kontrol Parametreleri Arasındaki İlişkinin Araştırılması
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To optimize the metabolic control is focus in order to manage and prevent the chronic complications of Type 2 DM. Magnesium is responsible for glucose metabolism as a consequence the mineral is potential preventive and therapeutic agent of type 2 DM. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between dietary magnesium intake, serum magnesium level and metabolic control parametres among 119 type 2 diabetic individuals (aged between 25-65 years, 93 female, 26 male) who applied to Erciyes University Endocrinology Department.Physical examination of patients and assesment of chronic complications was conducted. The sample was seperated into two groups (group 1: no diabetic complication, group 2: at least one chronic complication). All subjects underwent anthropometrical, biochemical and nutritional assesment. Serum magnesium level were lower in group 2 than group 1 (respectively; 0.82±0.09, 0.85±0.13mmol/dl; p>0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between serum magnesium level and dietary magnesium intake (r=0.357, p=0.000) whereas a significant negative correlation between serum magnesium level and postprandial glucose level and HbA1c (respectively; p<0.05, p<0.001).There was no correlation between serum magnesium level and lipid profile (p>0.05), a significant negative correlation was found between serum magnesium level and blood pressure (p<0.05). Also there was a significant negative correlation was found between serum magnesium level and body fat mass and body fat percentage (p<0.05). Dietary magnesium intake was not significantly associated with metabolic parameters and anthropometric measurements. The results suggest that serum magnesium is associated with metabolic control of type 2 DM. Hypomagnesemia was observed in individuals with poor metabolic control; has been associated with the chronic complications of diabetes. Future comprehensive studies should determine the relationship between serum magnesium and dietary magnesium.