Yeni Tanı Alan Gastroözefageal Reflü Hastalarının Beslenme Durumunun Saptanması
Seremet Kürklü, Nilgün
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It is estimated that %15-20 of persons in general population exhibit symptoms suggestive of gastroesophageal reflux disease, such as pyrosis and acid regurgitation. This research was planned to determine general characteristics, dietary habits, food consumption, physical activity levels and anthropometric measurements of newly diagnosed gastroesophageal reflux (GER) patients. 150 individuals aged between 18- 65 years old who refer to living gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms in İzmir Atatürk Training and Research Hospital last one year and apply endoscopy with a diagnosis of GERD were selected by random sampling method. Individuals often determined with symptoms of GERD as acid regurgitation and heartburn. Men with GERD BMI were 27.6±3.2 kg/m² and women were 30.4±6.2 kg/m² (p <0.05). The eating habits of individuals by were evaluated before and after GERD symptoms, there were significant differences about the number of meals, skipping meals status, rates of eating, cooking temperatures, salt intake (p <0.05). Revealed that individuals after living symptoms of GERD reduced consumption of refluxogenic foods as cola drinks, coffee, ready-made fruit juice, spices, chocolate, fried foods, onions, tomatoes, citrus fruits. 62.7% of individuals with GERD with a sedentary life and individuals male of physical activity was higher in female (p <0.05). The result that changes in dietary habits is effective in reducing the frequency and severity of GERD symptoms, shows that body weight control and increasing physical activity will reduce the symptoms of GERD and the formation of GERD.