Bedensel Engelli Masa Tenisi Sporcularının Karın ve Sırt Kaslarının Desteklenmesinde Iki Farklı Yöntemin Karşılaştırılması
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The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kinesio taping and elastic corset on sports related physical performance and trunk muscle endurance when used in supporting abdomen and back muscles of physically disabled table tennis athletes. Twenty-two advanced level physically disabled table tennis athletes who plays or can play in national team, actively playing sports for at least 2 years, having independent trunk balance, with no vision, hearing or mental disorders, and classified by TBESF classificator, with 11 sitting on wheel chair, and 11 standing athletes were included in the study. Kinesio taping, soft orthosis and none of the above (free) applications were applied to each of the players before training. Pain assessment, joint motion range, modified functional elongation test, manual muscle test, modified sit-ups test, modified abdominal endurance test, special multifidus muscle test, modified push-ups test, number of ball strikes in 60 seconds with forehand-backhand (1-1) combination technique, and with "enter short-exit long" forehand combination technique were applied and recorded in all players. When comparing the data evaluated after free, kinesio taping, and orthoses applications were statistically significant (p<0.05). Soft orthoses application was found more effective than kinesio taping and free applications on decreasing of pain during performance, and enhancement of body muscle endurance, and ball striking performance in the final analysis (p<0.05). Kinesio taping was found more effective than free and orthoses application in improvement modified functional elongation and joint motion range (p<0.05). This study showed that soft orthoses is more effective in decreasing pain, enhancement of muscular endurance, and sports related physical performance. We suggest that further and broader studies evaluating the long term effects of pain, muscle endurance, and sports related physical performance, and assessing life quality are needed.