Huzurevinde ve Evde Yaşayan Yaşlılarda Düşme ile Ilişkili Risk Faktörleri
Bulut Doğan, Zeynep
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This study was designed to determine risk factors associated with falls, in the elderly population who has the most risk of falling, factors to determine whether there are differences in term of nursing home and home and to increase the effectiveness of fall prevention strategies at the community level with these results. The study was conducted with the 80 older people living in İzmir Narlıdere Resting and Nursing Home and the 80 older people living in their own home. The study a total of 160 older people individuals, 80 men and 80 women were included in, Standardized Mini-Mental State Test (SMMST) score of 24 and over, 65 years and over, does not depend on the bed or a wheelchair, standing unassisted for at least 90 seconds, able to walk 10 meters with walking aid if necessary. Demographic characteristics were recorded. To assess the risk of falling Tinetti Balance and Gait Assessment (TBGA), to assess physical function Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), to assess activities of daily living Lawton-Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale, to assess quality of life WHOQOL-OLD module, to assess depression levels Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used. Social support assessment, internal and external environmental assessment is made. Statistically significant difference was found between age, education, use of walking aid, SMMST, IADL, TBGA, SPPB and falls living at home (p<0,05). Environmental conditions were found to be more risky living at home in terms of falling. Increased social support has been observed that people living at home. As a result, there are risk factors associated with falls in elderly living in the nursing home and living at home. According to elderly living at home of the elderly living in the nursing home have been found to be more risky in terms of fall-related risk factors.