Amputelerde Futbolun Performans Üzerine Etkilerinin Belirlenmesi
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This study was carried out to determine the performance level and specify the factors affecting the performance in amputee soccer players. 12 soccer amputee players (soccer group) and 13 sedentary amputees (sedentary group), whose ages ranged between 18 and 45 years, were included in the study. Subjects were assessed in terms of body composition, muscular strength and endurance, aerobic power, anaerobic power, flexibility, balance, speed-agility, mobility, and the quality of life. According to the results of the body mass index, the percentage of body fat and the waist circumstance, statistically significant differences were found in favour of amputee soccer players (p<0.05). The soccer group had higher muscular strength and endurance in terms of the number of repetitions of sit-ups isotonic and duration of sit-ups isotonic, number of repetions of push-ups isotonic and duration of push-ups isotonic, push-ups isotonic repetitions/duration, isometric endurance of the back extensors and the trunk flexors (p<0.05). The results acquired in the 12 Minute Cooper Run-Walk test and the Vertical Jump test were found statistically higher in the amputee soccer players (p<0.05). Flexibility was found higher in the soccer group according to the Sit and Reach test (p<0.05), whereas it was similar in both groups according to the Modified Thomas test (p>0.05). Balance findings acquired by the Berg Balance Scale indicated difference between groups in favour of soccer group (p<0.05). The completion period of the L test and Figure-of-8 Walk (F8W) test was significantly lower in the amputee soccer players than in the sedentary amputees (p<0.05). No significant difference between the groups was observed in the numbers of steps measured during the F8W test (p>0.05). The results of the TAPES (Trinity Amputation and Prosthesis Experience Scales) evaluating the quality of life were better in the amputee soccer players (p<0.05). As a result, amputee soccer players had higher levels of physical fitness components so the performance and quality of life of them was observed higher. We think that within the concept of amputee rehabilitation, physiotherapists should be supportive about the guidance of subjects to motivate them participate in sports as amateur, recreatioal or professional.