Adölesanlarda Voleybol Sezonu Süresince Yaralanmaları Önleyici Egzersiz Programının Etkinliğinin Karşılaştırılması
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The aim of this study was to compare the effect of injury prevention exercise programme on the incidence and characteristic of injuries and physical performance in adolescent players during one volleyball season. 88 adolescent volleyball players with average of 14,82 ± 0,92 years ( n=44 control group, n=44 training group) were included in this study. Demographic information, sport age, dominant extremity and game position of player was recorded. This injury prevention programme was applied to training group during the warm-up section which includes; strength, balance, core, and plyometrics exercises (3 set and 10-12 repetiton). Injuries and pre and post seasons physical performance tests results were recorded in both groups. The Mann- Whitney U test on the differences of average pre and post-differences from evaluations was used for statistical analysis (p<0,05). Wilcoxon Rank test was used for groups pre and post- differences and Chi-squared test was used for injury datas. Injury incidance were found to similar in the season in the training group (3,03/1000hr match, 1,3/1000hr training) and control group (6,6/1000hr match, 1,5/1000hr training). Severity of injuries were found training group (% 17; 8-28 days, % 6; 28 and over days) lower than control group (% 38; 8-28 days and % 13; 28 and over days). The significant difference was found from single leg squat (p<0,001), push up (p<0,001), static plank (p<0,001), vertical jump(p=0,007), medicine ball trow (p<0,001), single leg balanced test (p<0,001) ve modifiye star excursion balance test (p<0,001). We found that Vertical Jump (p=0,48), Quadrant Jump (p=0,957) and Sit and Reach test (p=0,057) results in training group higher than the control group but there were not singnificant differences between two groups.. In conclusion, this study showed that volleyball injury prevention programme has positive effects on prevention of match injuries(%50 percent), decrease of acute injuries and increase the physical performance.