Profesyonel Basketbol Oyuncularında Fonksiyonel Eğitimin Performansla Ilişkili Fiziksel Uygunluk Parametrelerine Etkisi
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether functional training has effects on performance and related various physical components of basketball players. 28 elite basketball players were placed into this study. All the athletes were divided into two groups as 28 athletes with the mean age of 22.4 ± 4.2 years (Control Group) and 14 athletes, mean age of 26.6 ± 5.9 years (Training Group). Functional exercises were applied to training group for 20 weeks (2 days/week) with routine basketball training. Control group followed routine basketball training and strenght training. The both groups participants were tested prior to and after completing the 20-weeks. The testing battery included; Physical and antropometric measurements, Sit and reach flexibility test, 20 m Speed test, T-Drill and Lane-Agility tests, horizontal (Standing broad jump) and vertical jump tests, one-repetition maximum (1-RM) Bench press and Leg press strength tests. Results indicated significant increases in speed, 1-RM Bench press, 1-RM Leg press each group following training (p<0.05). Control group also elicited significant increases in chest girth and Lane-Agility while the functional training group was significantly (p<0.05) increased in flexibility, vertical jump, T-Drill agility time changes were the only parameters where there were significant (p<0.05) differences between groups. Collectively, these results suggest that both programs are equally beneficial for increasing speed, agility and maximal measures of strength. However, changes in muscular strength, vertical jump, agility and flexibility appear to be more successfully with functional training.