Primer Dismenorede Konnektif Doku Masajı ve Kinezyobantlama Uygulamalarının Ağrı ve Yaşam Kalitesi Üzerine Etkilerinin Karşılaştırılması
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This study was planned to compare the effectiveness of connective tissue massage (CTM) and kinesiotaping on pain, quality of life and anxiety. Thirty two female patients diagnosed as primary dysmenorrhea were enrolled in the study. Subjects were divided into 2 groups randomly. Participants assigned to the the first group applied CTM for 5 days a week, the second group received taping twice a week for three consecutive menstrual cycle. Women who participated in the study was evaluated in the first menstrual cycle, In the period between the first and second menstrual cycles were treated. Treatment was discontinued during menstruation, between the second and third menstrual cycles treatment were continued and third cycles from the start, treatment was terminated. Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to measure type of pain during menstruation. Severity of pain was assessed with a visual analog scale. The attitudes and behaviors of women during menstruation was assessed with Menstruation Attitude Questionnaire, health quality was assessed with Short Form-36 quality of life questionnaire and levels of anxiety was assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. There was significant improvement on patients' pain during menstruation and many dimensions of the quality of life of patients in the CTM group (p <0.05). At the same time, Kinesiotaping application has been positive effects on the intensity and quality of pain (p <0.05). Comparing the two treatments, positive effects of CTM on the pain and quality of life is seen to be higher (p <0.05). However, there was no improvement on anxiety levels and attitudes toward menstruation with both treatment methods. In conclusion both CTM and Kinesiotaping applications can be used as an effective treatment method in primary dysmenorrhea.