İnsan Haklarının Etik Temelleri ve Uluslar Arası Düzenlemeler Çerçevesinde Yetişkinlere Yönelik İnsan Hakları Eğitimi Programı Geliştirme
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One of the most significant successes in the 20th century is to acquire the notion of human rights. It has been defended by the human rights specialists that knowledge of human rights is essential for the protection and application of it. In this study, it has been aimed to demonstrate the ethical foundations of human rights, to discuss that human being has dignity and value, to examine the international regulations related with human rights, and to develop a human rights curriculum for adults to acquire this knowledge. In order to set forth the ethical foundations of human rights, Aristotle's Plato's, Kant's, Nietzsche's, Scheler's, Hartmann’s and Kuçuradi's and some other thinkers' ideas on human notion and ethic have been discussed. In addition, the idea of right, justice and human rights, the historical background of human rights and international regulations related with it. In the experimental part of this study, qualitative and quantitative methods have been used together. Quantitative model has been set using random pre-test post-test control group comparison design. The Human Rights Curriculum developed by the researcher has been applied to the experimental group. With the quantitative data acquired through Human Rights Scale developed by the researcher and consisting of multiple-choices, the pre-test and post-test score averages of the experimental group have been compared. The quantitative model has been set analyzing the qualitative data and using Human Rights Interview Form, Human Rights Diaries and Six Thinking Hat Technique Human Rights Evaluation Form, all developed by the researcher. The study group in the research consists of the experimental group of 16 people randomly selected among the two state schools and the control group of 16 people. At the end of the research, it has been concluded that the idea of human value and dignity are crucial in understanding human rights, that the human rights curriculum applied is effective and that this education has increased the average scores significantly. It has been also put forward that human rights have to preserve human dignity, that the importance of the kind of evaluation setting forth the human dignity instead of value judgements of society have been realized by the experimental group in the evaluation of the facts. This study is unique in the literature as the crucial ideas of the human rights to be grounded, the content and the application methods of the human rights curriculum are taken into consideration. As well as on international regulations related to human rights, the grounding of the Human Rights Curriculum on ethics, the distinctness of the educational methods and techniques have been found effective. As a result of the efficiency of the curriculum developed, it has been concluded that it is appropriate to apply this curriculum to all adults.