Neutrophil Formylpeptide Receptor Single Nucleotide Polymorphism 348T > C In Aggressive Periodontitis
Mills, John S.
Walters, John D.
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Background: Neutrophil formylpeptide receptors (FPRs) play an important role in bacterial recognition and chemotaxis. Defective FPR1 expression and impaired polymorphonuclear leukocyte chemotaxis toward bacterial formylpeptides are associated with aggressive periodontitis (AgP). The objective of this study was to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FPR1 are associated with AgP. Methods: Genomic DNA was isolated from blood samples obtained from African Americans (30 subjects with AgP and 33 healthy controls) and Turks (75 subjects with AgP and 63 healthy controls). A highly polymorphic fragment of the FPR1 gene was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced for analysis of SNPs. Results: Five previously identified SNPs were detected in African Americans, whereas six were detected in Turkish subjects. The frequency of synonymous SNP c.348T>C was significantly higher in African Americans with AgP than in controls (P=0.029). The 348T allele was significantly associated with AgP (P= 0.010). Seven of the subjects with AgP, but none of the controls, were homozygous for 348T. FPR1 haplotypes 348T.568A, 348T.576T, and 348T.568A.576T were significantly increased in African Americans with AgP (P <0.02). The Turkish population did not exhibit significant differences in FPR1 SNP frequencies between subjects with AgP and controls. Conclusions: FPR1 SNP c.348T>C is associated with AgP in African Americans. Individuals who are homozygous for 348T may have an increased risk for developing this disorder. J Periodontol 2009;80:492-498.