Might E-Cadherin Promoter Polymorphisms Of Rs16260 And Rs5030625 Associate With The Risk Of Nephrolithiasis?
Aydogan, Batuhan T.
Bilen, Cenk Y.
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Purpose To study whether −160 C > A (rs16260) and −347 G > GA (rs5030625) single nucleotide polymorphisms of the regulatory region (rSNPs) of CDH1 gene modulate the risk of nephrolithiasis. Methods Genomic DNA of 101 patients with calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and 114 healthy controls were screened for both polymorphisms, using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragments length polymorphism method (PCR-RLFP). Haplotype frequencies were also analyzed. To determine the association of rSNPs of CDH1 gene with the clinicopathological features of nephrolithiasis, nearly all possible etiological factors were documented. These factors were family history, gender, age, body mass index, liquid consumption, eating habits, tea–coffee and meat (oxalate rich) consumption, adequate physical activity, and all serum and urine levels—the serum levels of Na, K, Cl, phosphate, Ca, Mg, uric acid, albumin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) as well as 24 h urine excretions of creatinine, Na, K, Cl, phosphate, Ca, Mg, citrate, oxalate, uric acid, albumin and BUN. Results Significant differences were found between rs16260 and the risk of nephrolithiasis. Patients having CA genotype of rs16260 CDH1 polymorphism were associated with an almost trifold increased risk for developing kidney stone than those with the AA genotype (95 % CI 1.08–7.28, OR 2.8, P = 0.033). We also found that non-A allele carriers (CC) had significantly higher nephrolithiasis risk associated with the clinicopathological characteristics including serum calcium (P = 0.027) and 24 h urinary magnesium level (P = 0.042). Moreover, we did find a directly proportional relationship between the CA genotype and serum calcium levels (P = 0.041). There was no significant difference between patients and controls in terms of the distribution of rs5030625 genotypes and alleles (P > 0.05). Likewise, no associations between the rs16260 and rs5030625 haplotypes and susceptibility to kidney stone were observed (P > 0.05). Conclusion Regulatory variants of rs16260 of the CDH1 gene may confer susceptibility to nephrolithiasis. This may have important implications for understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease and suggesting novel targets for drug treatment.