Preparation and Characterization of Salmon Calcitonin-Biotin Conjugates
Youn, Yu Seok
Lee, Kang Choon
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This study was performed to prepare and characterize the biotinylated Salmon calcitonin (sCT) for oral delivery and evaluate the hypocalcemic effect of biotinylated-sCTs in rats. Biotinylated sCTs was characterized by using high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC) and MALDITOF-MS. The effect of biotinylation on permeability across Caco-2 cell monolayers was examined. Their hypocalcemic effect was determined in rats. Mono- and di-bio-sCTs were separated by reverse phase HPLC. The molecular weights of mono-bio-sCT and di-bio-sCT were determined to be 3,660.5 and 3,900.2 Da, respectively. The permeability of biotinylated-sCTs across Caco-2 cell monolayers was observed with a significant enhancement compared with sCT. Intrajejunal (ij) administration of mono-bio-sCT and di-bios-CT resulted in sustained reduction in serum calcium levels, with a maximum reduction (% max(d)) of 21.6% and 30% after 4 h and 6 h of application, respectively. The biotin conjugation of sCT may be a promising strategy for increasing the oral bioavailability of sCT and achieving sustained calcium-lowering effects.