In Vivo And In Vitro Effects Of A Hif-1 Alpha Inhibitor, Rx-0047
Dikmen, Z. Gunnur
Gellert, Ginelle C.
Lee, Young Bok
Ahn, Chang Ho
Shay, Jerry W.
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HIF-1 alpha plays a major role in activating gene transcription and is important for maintaining homeostasis under hypoxic conditions. Since tumors are often in a hypoxic state, HIF-1 alpha is a potential target for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. This study was performed to determine the antitumoral efficacy of an antisense HIF-1 alpha inhibitor, RX-0047 on different human cancer cell lines (MDA-MB 231, HME50-T, PC-3, Panc-1 and A549) in vitro. A549 lung cancer and PC-3 prostate cancer cells containing a luciferase gene reporter were used for in vivo xenograft animal models. Progressive tumor development was quantified using live animal BLI (bioluminescence imaging) in addition to ex vivo imaging and histology. All cell lines tested were sensitive to inhibition of cell growth with 10 nM and higher ranges of RX-0047, additionally RX-0047 sensitizes cells to ionizing radiation treatments. Finally, RX-0047 (30 mg/kg) inhibited the formation of human lung metastasis in xenograft mouse models and reduced tumor size in flank models.