Activation and Regioselectivity of Five-Membered Cyclic Thionocarbamates to Nucleophilic Attack
Garner, A. Christopher
Wallis, John D.
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The cyclic thionocarbamate of alaninol undergoes nucleophilic attack by sulfur nucleophiles at 5-C to give 1-thiopropyl-2-amine derivatives when derivatised on nitrogen with a Boc group. Iodide under microwave conditions causes a rearrangement to the isomeric thiazolidinone, while "hard" nucleophiles react at the thione group to yield a variety of product types by subsequent C-N or C-O cleavage. X-ray crystallography studies showed that the N-Boc group reduces delocalisation of electron density from nitrogen into the thione group, and thus promotes activation of the ring to nucleophilic attack.