Association Between Burnout And Depressive Symptoms Among Turkish Dentists
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Background/purpose Health care professionals including dentists can experience increased professional burnout. The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between depressive symptoms and burnout among Turkish dentists. Materials and methods This study was conducted among a Turkish dentist sample in Ankara (Turkey) between February 2015 and August 2015. From a total of 500 dentists, 337 were included. A self-structured questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were completed by the participants. The Student t test or analysis of variance was used to compare the variables. Results A total of 337 dentists (162 female dentists; mean age of participants 36 ± 4.45 years) participated in this study. Age, sex, professional status, years in profession, sector, and number of patients seen/d were factors affecting level of burnout (P < 0.05); 29% of the participants showed burnout and 22.2% showed depressive symptoms. Participants showed increase in emotional exhaustion (38%), increase in depersonalization (22%), and decrease in personal accomplishment (12%). The mean score of BDI significantly correlated with those of the MBI subscales (P < 0.05). All items of BDI except weight loss, irritability, and loss of appetite significantly correlated with MBI subscores (P < 0.05). Conclusion Dentists may face burnout and depressive symptoms during their professional life. Increased burnout level can give an idea on depressive symptoms, and may provide an opportunity to identify depression earlier. Creating and raising awareness about burnout are important to avoid and prevent depression among dentists. Further longitudinal studies analyzing the effects of interdisciplinary client-centered self-management programs for dentists on depressive symptoms and burnout must be planned.