Sensorimotor Integration Training In Parkinson'S Disease
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Objectives: To determine the effects of sensorimotor integration training on postural control in Parkinson's disease. Methods: This prospective, randomized controlled trial was conducted at Hacettepe University (Ankara, Turkey). The study was carried out from August 2012 until March 2015 and included 24 Parkinson's patients with stage 2-3 according to the Modified Hoehn&Yahr Rating Scale. The patients were divided into 2 groups (control and study). The control group received conventional physiotherapy; the study group received sensorimotor integration training combined with conventional physiotherapy, 2 times per week for 6 weeks. We assessed the patients with clinical balance tests and computerized dynamic posturography. Assessments were performed at baseline, 7- and 12-weeks follow-up. Results: Computerized dynamic posturography posturography values (5th and 6th positions, composite balance, and vestibular system scores) were higher in the study group than in the control group. The improvements were maintained at the 12-week follow up except 6th positions scores (p<0.05). Conclusions: Sensorimotor integration training combined with conventional physiotherapy approach ameliorated postural control by improving vestibular system in patients with Parkinson's disease by improving sensory processes.