SİGARA İÇEN VE İÇMEYEN SAĞLIKLI KİŞİLERDE EGZERSİZ KAPASİTESİ, FİZİKSEL AKTİVİTE DÜZEYİ, YAŞAM KALİTESİ VE SİGARAYLA İLİŞKİLİ HASTALIKLAR HAKKINDAKİ BİLGİ DÜZEYİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI
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Çelebi C. A Comparison of the Level of Knowledge About Exercise Capacity, Physical Activity Level, Quality of Life And Smoking Related Diseases in Smoker and Nonsmoker Healthy People, Hacettepe University Graduate School of Health Sciences Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation Master's Thesis, Ankara, 2020. The aim of this study was to compare exercise capacity, physical activity levels, quality of life, knowledge about smoking-related diseases and health literacy levels of healthy smokers and non-smokers. The study included 71 smokers (mean age: 32.698.55 years) and 72 non-smokers (mean age: 31,889,94 years) according to the International Disease Coding System (ICD) criteria without chronic health problems and walking disability. Demographic data of the participants were recorded. Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference and hip circumference were measured, waist to hip ratio was calculated and smoking exposure was recorded as packet-years. Quality of life of individuals using World Health Organization Quality of Life ScaleShort Form (WHOQOL-Bref), functional exercise capacity using six-minute walk test (6MWT), physical activity level using Godin Leisure Exercise Questionnaire, cardiovascular and respiratory diseases knowledge levels using Cardiovascular Risk Factors Information Level (CARRIF-KL) Scale and by TC Ministry of Health Chronic Airway Diseases (CHD) Prevention Control Program Asthma-COPD Awareness Questionnaire Form, healthy lifestyle behaviors by Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale II (HLSBS-II) and health literacy were assessed by Health Literacy Questionnaire. No statistically significant difference was observed between age, sex, and BMI values of smokers and nonsmokers (p>0.05). Waist and hip circumference, waist/hip ratio of smokers and healthy individuals were similar (p> 0.05). The number of risk factors for coronary artery disease among smokers was significantly higher than non-smokers (p <0.05). At the same time, there was no significant difference in the level of knowledge for cardiovascular risk factors assessed by CARRIF-KL, healthy lifestyle behaviors assessed by HLSBS-II, quality of life assessed by WHOQOL-Bref and health literacy levels assessed by Health Literacy Questionnaire between smokers and nonsmokers (p> 0.05). The % 6MWT distance of smokers was significantly lower than those of the non-smokers (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the physical activity levels of the individuals assessed by Godin Leisure Exercise Questionnaire (p>0.05). In conclution; it was seen that the exercise capacity of the smokers decreased significantly compared to the nonsmokers. The physiotherapists can contribute more to the field by taking more active role in the protection of cardiovascular health and rehabilitation awareness in smokers.
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