Thrombotic Distal Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion Produced By Topical Fecl3 Application: A Novel Model Suitable For Intravital Microscopy And Thrombolysis Studies
Erdener, Şefik Evren
Gürsoy Özdemir, Yasemin
Dunn, Andrew K.
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Intravital or multiphoton microscopy and laser-speckle imaging have become popular because they allow live monitoring of several processes during cerebral ischemia. Available rodent models have limitations for these experiments; e. g., filament occlusion of the proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) is difficult to perform under a microscope, whereas distal occlusion methods may damage the MCA and the peri-arterial cortex. We found that placement of a 10% FeCl3-soaked filter paper strip (0.3 x 1 mm(2)) on the duramater over the trunk of the distal MCA through a cranial window for 3 minutes induced intraarterial thrombus without damaging the peri-arterial cortex in the mouse. This caused a rapid regional cerebral blood flow decrease within 10 minutes and total occlusion of the MCA segment under the filter paper in 17 +/- 2 minutes, which resulted in a typical cortical infarct of 27 +/- 4 mm(3) at 24 hours and moderate sensorimotor deficits. There was no significant hemispheric swelling or hemorrhage or mortality at 24 hours. Reperfusion was obtained in half of the mice with tissue plasminogen activator, which allowed live monitoring of clot lysis along with restoration of tissue perfusion and MCA flow. In conclusion, this relatively simple and noninvasive stroke model is easy to perform under a microscope, making it suitable for live imaging and thrombolysis astudies. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2011) 31, 1452-1460; doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2011.8; published online 16 February 2011