Ankara İli Buprestidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) Familyası Üzerinde Sistematik Araştırmalar
Kırçakcı, Ali Kemal
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In this study, researches were carried out on the family Buprestidae in Ankara province. For this purpose, a total of 69 days of field studies were conducted, 33 days in May-October 2018 and 36 days in April-October 2019. As a result of the field studies, totally 995 specimens were collected. Totally 44 species belonging to 5 subfamilies and 14 genera were identified. Buprestinae is the subfamily with the most species with 19 species belonging to 3 genera. 11 species belonging to 4 genera from Agrilinae subfamily, 7 species belonging to 3 genera from Polycestinae subfamily, 6 species belonging to 3 genera from Chrysochroinae subfamily and 1 species belonging to 1 genus from Julodinae subfamily were determined. Detailed locality records, synonyms, Turkey and the World distributions of all identified species are given. The species identified in this study were evaluated and discussed in terms of systematic and taxonomic, faunistic, ecological and zoogeographical aspects. In systematic and taxonomic evaluations, the general morphology of 44 species were described and photographed. Male genital organs of 36 species, which have male samples, were described in detail, photographed and drawn dorsally and laterally. The male genital organs were compared and discussed with the detected species and literature. When the present literature is examined, detailed describing and drawing of male genital organs of Capnodis carbonaria, Klug, 1829, Perotis cuprata (Klug, 1829), Acmaeodera (s. str) flavolineata Laporte & Gory, 1835, Acmaeoderella (Euacmaeoderella) villosula Steven, 1830, A. (Euacmaeoderella) gibbulosa (Ménétriés, 1832) and Anthaxia (Cratomerus) eugeniae Ganglbauer, 1885 species could not be found. In this study, detailed descriptions, dorsal and lateral photographs and drawings of male genital organs of these species were given together for the first time. In faunistic evaluations and discussions; number of species and their distributions according to the genus, subfamilies and counties of Ankara are given. Fauna similarities between these counties were compared using Baroni-Urbani Buser similarity index, species diversities using Brillouin diversity index. As a result of the comparisons, it was seem that the Beypazarı has the highest species diversity. In ecological evaluations, number of specimens, collecting months, collecting altitudes and air temperatures of collecting locaties were determined and evaluated in terms of species diversity using the Brillouin diversity index. As a result of these evaluations, June as collecting month, 901-1100 m as collecting altitude interval and 30,1-32,5°C collecting temperature interval were detected with higher species diversities than rest. In zoogeographical evaluations, the relationship between Ankara Buprestidae fauna geographical regions of Turkey and sub-regions of Palearctic region were compared. As a result of the comparison, it was determined that the sub-region that showed the most affinity with Ankara Buprestidae fauna is Eastern Europe.