Kırgızistan'da 2010 Yılında Parlamenter Sisteme Geçişten Sonra Yerel Yönetim Sistemi
xmlui.mirage2.itemSummaryView.MetaDataShow full item record
As in other Soviet countries, Kyrgyzstan gained its independence in 1991 following the collapse of the totalitarian regime and was forced to make fundamental changes in both its central and local government. In Kyrgyzstan, the presidential system reigned until 2010 with the constitution adopted during the first years of independence. However, after the popular uprising in 2010, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan passed into the Parliamentary System with a new constitution adopted. A major reason for this was the fact that violation of the principle of separation of powers in constitution and made maximum use of the presidential system in a unitary country. With the transition of Kyrgyzstan to the Parliamentary System, it has made radical changes in the understanding of local government. According to the said system, new demands and desires are contacted with regard to the accountability of the state in the state powers transferred to local governments. At the same time, members of the local government are declared under the influence of dismissing the Mayor of Ayıl Ökmötü.(Ayıl Ökmötü represents the village administration unit) For example, in 4 years (from 2011 to 2016) election rules were changed 8 times, and the local government law was amended 15 times. These changes were mainly due to small party interests. In the Constitution of 6 July 2012 mentioned above, voter groups who do not participate in political parties in terms of nominating a city party are an ordinary example. In this thesis, after the transition to Kyrgyzstan's parliamentary system, the reforms in the local government system and the ways of implementing these reforms were discussed in the light of legislation.