Doğal Aydınlatma Kullanımı ve Müze Örneği Üzerinden Bir Değerlendirme
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The fundamental relation between light and architecture is based on functionality. The most important function of lighting is to ensure the accurate perception of the space and the objects, textures and colors within. Architecture is not only aline the spaces side by side and selecting building materials but also to build up an ambiance in the spaces. Natural light has been one of the most substantial elements of architectural design since the beginning of architecture. The aesthetical and functional benefits of natural light set the grounds for strong connection with architecture. Natural light, in this respect, is of great importance as a critical material-component in architectural design. The natural light entering the architectural space influences our perception and understanding of the space. A space with visual comfort increases the efficiency of the visual act and also helps the fulfillment of physical and psychological needs. Light has the competency to change, even recreate spaces. The interaction of light and shadow together in the space alters perception of space, spares the monotonity and makes the space appealing. Daylight is an element of design as well as an environmental system. Our everincreasing energy need has made it compulsary to use renewable energy sources as well as to reduce the energy consumption. The sun is both a renewable energy source and the most important source for energy saving. Natural light is one of the primary sources of renewable energy, and the use of natural light in architecture has a crucial role on the sustainability of our designed environment. In this study; natural light and employment areas, ancillary contents to be used in natural lighting and advanced natural lighting methods are primarily included. In addition, the use of lighting in museums and accurate lighting criteria are eloborated. In the conclusion, natural lighting methods and the consequences of the use of natural lighting in museums are presented.