Y-Stent-Assisted Coiling With Low-Profile Neuroform Atlas Stents for Endovascular Treatment of Wide-Necked Complex Intracranial Bifurcation Aneurysms.
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BACKGROUND Y-stent-assisted coiling is one of the eligible techniques for the treatment of complex bifurcation aneurysms. In majority of previous literature, Y-stenting has been performed using stents that could be delivered through large profile microcatheters that are often difficult to manipulate during navigation through sharply angled side branches. Attempts to navigate with these large profile catheters might cause serious complications during Y-stenting procedure. OBJECTIVE To investigate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of Y-stent-assisted coiling procedure with Neuroform Atlas stents for the treatment of complex bifurcation aneurysms; Neuroform Atlas is a recently introduced open-cell stent that can be delivered though low-profile microcatheters. METHODS We identified the patients with intracranial bifurcation aneurysms treated by Y-stent-assisted coiling procedure with Neuroform Atlas stents. We assessed the immediate postoperative and follow-up clinical and angiographic outcomes. We also investigated the periprocedural and delayed complications. RESULTS A total of 30 aneurysms in 30 patients were included in the study. Y-stenting was successfully performed without any technical complications in all cases (100%). Immediate postprocedural angiography revealed total aneurysm occlusion in 83.3% of patients. The mean angiographic follow-up time was 11.8 mo. The last follow-ups showed complete occlusion in 93.3% of patients. There was no mortality in this study. A procedure-related complication developed in 6.7% and resulted in permanent morbidity in 3.3% of patients. CONCLUSION Neuroform Atlas stent combines the advantages of low-profile deployment microcatheters with an open-cell structure to achieve a successful Y-stenting procedure. Y-stent-assisted coiling with Neuroform Atlas stents provides a safe and effective endovascular treatment for wide-necked complex bifurcation aneurysms.