Bir Cumhuriyet Sanayisi Örneği Olarak SEKA
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This thesis study covers the review of all activities of SEKA in the field of R&D since 1981. The aim of the study is to reveal the R&D process and the results obtained. At SEKA, the R&D process has been illuminated as a result of a wide range of archival studies. These Archive resources are obtained from SEKA Documentation Center. SEKA R&D activities are divided into three as Alternative and Auxiliary Raw Material Development, Kenaf and Productivity Studies in terms of species. The main purpose of the establishment in the Sections of Alternative and Auxiliary Raw Material Development and Kenaf is to find an alternative raw material that can be substituted instead of wood in the production of cellulose. These studies take an important place due to the ecologically indispensable element of forests, the lack of an accurate tree growing policy and the importation of cellulose from outside. In addition, another problem in the importation of cellulose from outside is that its price has increased a lot due to the economic bottlenecks that have occurred. SEKA has looked for solutions to alternative raw materials and auxiliaries according to the special needs of its factories by considering the world literature due to these problems. In productivity studies, the institution, together with public institutions and international organizations, has carried out efforts to increase efficiency and reduce costs. UNİDO, the European Development Testing Organization, and universities are seka's most important working partners in this regard. SEKA has been compared with the European paper industry within the scope of the problems affecting R&D. This comparative analysis through R&D covers many indicators from the size and speed of the machines in the factories to their production and capacity. With this analysis, SEKA's problems in terms of investment and costs were presented within the framework of the paper industry. R&D studies must have the necessary investment and technology to be competitive. The old paper machines used by SEKA as a Government Business Enterprise, the reduction of investments with privatization after 1980 and the dependence on the outside in paper anahammades; It has negatively affected R&D studies. As a result, R&D activities at SEKA are not aimed at sustainable economic growth, but aimed at solving existing problems in the institution. All these factors caused SEKA to withdraw from the stage in the 2000s.