Clinical features and disease course of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease: HUVAC experience
Bolek, Ertugrul Cagri
Oguz, Kader K
Topcuoglu, Mehmet Akif
xmlui.mirage2.itemSummaryView.MetaDataShow full item record
Background/Aim Neurological involvement (Neuro-Behcet's Disease: NBD) is a rare manifestation of Behcet's Disease (BD) and it is related with significant mortality and morbidity. We aimed to evaluate disease course and outcome of NBD patients registered in Hacettepe University Vasculitis Center (HUVAC) prospective database starting from October 2014. Methods Totally, 419 patients (329 of the patients had fulfilled the International Study Group (ISG) criteria and 90 patients were considered as incomplete BD) were recorded as BD to March 2018. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 123 patients with neurological complaints/ symptoms according International Consensus Recommendations (ICR) Criteria for Neuro-Behçet's disease. In final analysis, 77 NBD patients (Definite NBD = 61, possible NBD = 16) were included. Demographics, clinical features, treatment characteristics, disability status and survival status of the patients were evaluated. Results Forty-seven (61%) of the patients were male. Median time to neurological involvement from first diagnosis of BD is 6 (IQR = 8.8) years in patients who had diagnosis of BD before neurological involvement. Distribution of NBD: parenchymal (pNBD), non-parenchymal (npNBD), mixed (mNBD) and peripheral nervous system (pnsNBD) were 47 (61%), 22 (28.6%), 5 (6.5%), 3 (3.9%), respectively. Eye involvement was more frequent in pNBD compared to npNBD. Brainstem (72.9%) was the most frequently affected parenchymal area and followed by cerebellum (43.8%) and diencephalon (37.5%). Twelve patients had spinal cord involvement ( n = 12, 24.5%). Among the patients with pNBD and mNBD (total n = 52), 48 patients were considered as acute onset parenchymal disease and 4 patients were evaluated as chronic progressive disease. Fifty-eight percent of the patients with acute onset parenchymal disease had only one attack. Totally 14 BD patients deceased during a median 9.4 (IQR = 13) years disease duration and 9 of these patients had NBD (pNBD = 6, mNBD = 2, pnsNBD = 1). Corticosteroids (IV pulse = 75.5% and oral medium-high dose = 90%), alpha-interferon (76.9%), cyclophosphamide (57.1%), and TNF inhibitors (23.5%) were the most frequently preferred treatment options for pNBD. Conclusions Neurological involvement is seen about 5 years after the diagnosis of BD, and ocular involvement more commonly seen in these patients than non-NBD patients. More than half of the patients with acute onset parenchymal NBD had only one attack. No death was observed in the patients with non-parenchymal NBD. Biologic agents (Interferon-alpha and anti-TNF agents) were used in most patients.
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-citationBolek EC, Sari A, Kilic L, Kalyoncu U, Kurne A, Oguz KK, Topcuoglu MA, Ertenli I, Karadag O. Clinical features and disease course of neurological involvement in Behcet's disease: HUVAC experience. Mult Scler Relat Disord. 2020 Feb;38:101512. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2019.101512. Epub 2019 Nov 9. PMID: 31733425.
The following license files are associated with this item: