183. Candidaemia In Children And Importance Of Central Venous Catheter Removal
xmlui.mirage2.itemSummaryView.MetaDataShow full item record
Background Candida is the most common cause of invasive fungal infection in healthcare settings and is associated with significant increases in healthcare resource utilization and attributable mortality. Methods This study was conducted in a pediatric tertiary care hospital from Turkey. We conducted a retrospective analysis in children ≤18 years with blood culture-proven candidaemia identified between December 2013 and November 2017. Sociodemographic variables,underlying condition, mortality, additional risk factors, origin of specimens were all recorded. Results A total of 236 episodes of candidaemia were identified over the study period. The median age of the patients was 600 days (4-6482). 106 specimens (44.9%) were cultured from patients under 1 year of age and 15 of 106 specimens were cultured from neonates. The most frequently isolated Candida spp. were C. albicans (42.%), followed by C. parapsilosis (30.5%), C. glabrata (7.6%), C. tropicalis (6.4%), C. krusei (2.5%), C. lusitaine (2.5%), C. dubliniensis (2.1%), C. kefir (0.8%), and C. pelliculosa (0.4%). In 11 of the 236 episodes (4.5%), two Candida spp were cultured at the same time.The most common coinfection was C. albicans and C. parapsilosis. 112 of the 236 episodes (47.5%) was due to central venous catheter-related blood stream infection. 47.5% of these patients were receiving total parenteral nutrition at the time of candidemia. Concomitant coagulase negatif staphylococcus bacteremia was present in 50 of 236 candidemia episodes (21.2%). Of 236 isolates, 74 (31.4%) was cultured from peripheral blood culture only, 95 (40.3%) from central venous catheter only, 67 (28.4%) from both peripheral and central catheter blood culture.Trombocytopenia was noted in 117 episodes (49.6%) and neutropenia in 45 episodes (19.1 Of the 112 central venous catheter-related candidemia, 35 (31.3%) resulted in death within 30 days from the onset of candidaemia (Figure 1). In 49 (45.%) episodes of central venous catheter-related candidemia, catheter was not removed and 40% of these episodes resulted as death.Catheter removal, thrombocytopenia, total parenteral nutrion were found to be associated with increased mortality in children under 1 year of age (P < 0.001). Conclusion Clinicians must be aware of candidemia in children due to high risk of mortality., Disclosures All authors: No reported disclosures.