Clinical Performance And Epidemiologic Aspects Of Fractured Anterior Teeth Restored With A Composite Resin: A Two-Year Clinical Study
Vural, Uzay Koc
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Purpose To investigate the etiologic factors, effect of age and gender on dental trauma, and to evaluate the performance of composite resin on the fractured crown of permanent anterior teeth. Materials and Methods Over a 2-year period, 73 permanent teeth from 51 patients with dental trauma were treated with direct composite resin restoration. Informed consent and standardized trauma forms were completed by the patient; teeth were restored with a submicron hybrid composite resin (Spectrum TPH) and respective adhesive system (Prime&Bond NT). Sixty-nine teeth were directly restored without fiber posts, while four were treated with fiber posts. Two experienced clinicians, besides the operator, evaluated each restoration at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-ups according to US Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria for the following characteristics: anatomical form, marginal adaptation, color match, marginal discoloration, surface roughness, and caries. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank, Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U, and Siegel and Castellan tests. Results A total of 73 traumatized teeth in 51 patients aged from 14 to 64 years (mean age 25.47 +/- 14.058 years) were assessed according to the Ellis classification and restored over a 2-year period. Crown fractures were more common in the maxilla (84.9%) and caused by falls (58.8%). At the end of 24 months, a total of ten restorations were lost. The survival rate after 24 months was 82.14%. There were statistically significant differences in marginal adaptation between the 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-ups. Although changes in marginal discoloration over time were not significant (p = 0.194), changes in color match were significant (p = 0.029). Conclusion Within the limitations of this study, direct composite restorations were accepted as clinically satisfactory.