Examining The Psychological Resilience Of Adolescents With Leukemia: A Comparative Study
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Aim: This descriptive and comparative research was conducted to determine the level of psychological resilience of adolescents diagnosed with leukemia. Method: The sample research group comprised of eighty adolescents in the 15-18 age group who have leukemia in pediatric hematology outpatient clinics. The sample comparison group comprised of eighty healthy adolescents in the 15-18 age group who were students from years 9, 10, 11, and 12th in a high school. Data was collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire and the California Healthy Kids Survey Resilience and Youth Development Module High School Questionnaire form. The Mann-Whitney U Test, Kruskal Wallis variance analysis, homogeneity test (Levene), and Ki kare Test were used to evaluate the data. Results: It was seen that there were no significant differences between the psychological resilience of adolescents with leukemia and healthy adolescents (p>0.05) Females were observed to have higher levels of psychological resilience than males in the research group. A lower level of psychological resilience was identified in adolescents from the research group who did not receive psychological support during the illness compared with those who received psychological support (p<0.05). The sub-factor point average of caring relationships and high expectations at school were higher in the research group, whereas the sub-factor point average of goals and aspirations were higher in the healthy adolescents (p<0.05). Conclusion: As a result, it was suggested that preventive mental health services should be planned and implemented to develop resilience levels and protective relationships provided by the school, friends, family and society should be supported.