Türkmencenin Türetim Morfolojisi
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This study has been prepared to reveal the derivational morphology of Turkmen spoken by native speakers within the borders of the Republic of Turkmenistan simultaneously. Derivative suffixes and the functions of these suffixes were tried to be found out from the scanned texts. While the derivational suffixes are handled in terms of their functions and derivation potentials, the morphosemantic and morphophonological properties of the suffixes are also emphasized. In the study, in order to examine the derivational suffixes in Turkmen in detail, newspapers, magazines, books of idioms and proverbs, fairy tales, epics, stories and novels published in Turkmenistan were used firstly. Samples are taken from 22 newspapers, 9 magazines and 17 literary works in this context. Detected functions of the suffixes are supported with examples. Some examples are given in sentences and with transliteration. It has been tried to show the differences of Turkmen in standard writing and standard speech in that way. In order to make the derivational morphology system of Turkmen more fair, the functional appearances of the detected suffixes were compared with the detections in Turkmen grammars. Some of the identified suffixes’ functions in Turkey Turkish are also emphasized. This thesis consists of two main parts. In the first part, general information about the current situation of Turkmen, preliminary studies on Turkmen morphology, productivity and theoretical informations about productivity, the ways of word derivation in Turkmen and the morphophonological appearance of derivational suffixes are given. In the second part, the derivational suffixes of Turkmen: deriving nouns from nouns, deriving nouns from verbs, deriving verbs from nouns, deriving verbs from verbs suffixes are discussed. Key words Turkmen language, Morphology, Allomorph, Productivity, Derivational suffixes, Suffix functionality.