Katılımcı Tasarım Yaklaşımı ile Paylaşımlı Yaşam İçerikli Konut Üniteleri (Cohousing) / Shared Life with Participant Design Approach Content Housing Units (Cohousing)
Dikbıyık, Nermin Ayşegül
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Urbanization and the irregular structuring created by urbanization today appear as a problem that affects human life in many ways, mostly limiting but fundamentally shaking it. This problem, alienating the citizens from the neighbourhood, results in the individuality and isolation among the citizens, and also artificial environment splitting the society. The house, living space and accommodation unit of the citizens, is a characteristic fundament of the urban fabric with its numeric density. Since it is directly connected with the city, it has impacted the pressure of urbanization very intensely on housing. At this point, the study, which foresees an improvement in urban life as an upper scale, and an arrangement around the house and housing as a lower scale, focuses on the residential environment based on the values of the house. Besides the study examines the physicality through the neighborhood and the social structure on the neighbors’ relationships, it questions the balance between "theory" and "practice", as well as the "active" and "passive" roles of the user in this balance. In this direction, attention is drawn to both the weakening relationship between the user-housing-environment and the unpleasant conditions felt more during the pandemic period. In this approach, the study proposes a consensus-based project management for a real participation to a permanent solution, and within the scope of the research, it analyzes the cohousing communities, which are spreading rapidly in the world on the contrary to our country, and the social, physical and environmental aspects of these communities, as well as the urban problems experienced today. Therefore, the study emphasizes that the physical environment and social structure mutually support each other in the cohousing model, but argues that at this point, the participatory design and the physicality created by this design understanding play a critical role and strengthen the "society".