Comparative Study of the Role of Trans-Boundary Rivers in Relations of Countries: The Case of Nile and Euphrates
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Nile and Euphrates rivers have significant importance in the history of mankind. Both rivers have seen the rise of ancient civilizations and the early development of irrigation practices. This research presents a comparative analysis of the role of trans-boundary rivers in the countries relations taking the cases of growing conflicts between Egypt and Ethiopia over the Nile River, and Turkey and Syria over the Euphrates. The study aimed to learn the positions, agreements, challenges and diplomatic breakthroughs on the Nile between Ethiopia and Egypt; and to look into the role of Nile and Euphrates rivers from a comparative perspective and how they affected the Ethio-Egypt and Turko-Syria relations respectively. It also aimed at predicting the likely outcomes and geopolitical repercussions that could emerge from the current impasse over the Nile and draw lessons that could contribute the understanding and peaceful settlement of the dispute between Ethiopia and Egypt.