Sosyal Hizmet Açısından İhtiyaç ve Hak Kavramları Bağlamında Engelli Bireyin Varoluşu
Ambargo SüresiAcik erisim
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Disability is a concept that has both physical, environmental and social dimensions and is often not a situation that the individual chooses. Because of being human, disabled individuals are subject to ontological truths such as death, freedom, loneliness and meaninglessness, and disability can be effective in relating to these truths. In this study, it is aimed to understand the existence of individuals with physical disabilities in the context of their life esperince related to needs and human rights, and to analyze them from a social work perspective. The research was designed as a phenomenological research, which is one of the qualitative research approaches, and semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-three physically disabled individuals over the age of eighteen living in the central districts of Konya province. The findings obtained from the interviews were analyzed with the content analysis method and the analysis of the findings were gathered under three main headings: "Analysis of Findings on Existential Themes", "Analysis of Findings on Needs Themes" and "Analysis of Findings on Rights Themes". Our research has shown that ontological truths need to be addressed specific to individuals with disabilities. Disabled individuals can establish different contacts with ontological truths for both physical and social reasons than non-disabled individuals. In addition, the inability to meet the needs that are expressed as human rights such as education, work, accessibility and participation limits the possibility of authentic existence. Ontological truths apply not only to individuals with disabilities, but also to social workers. For this reason, social workers should first face their own ontological concerns and then help the service users in this regard. Policy makers should make an effort to increase people's possibility of existence, and social workers should remind policy makers of their obligations in this regard. Future research can provide a more comprehensive perspective on the existence of the disabled individual by including with individuals from other disability groups.