Ebeveynliğin Belirleyicileri Modeli Temelinde Evlilik Uyumu, Algılanan Sosyal Destek, Çalışma Durumu, Değerler ve Anne Çocuk İlişkisi
Yüceol, Gül Pembe
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Belsky (1984) stated that parenting is influenced by contextual sources like marital relations, social networks and parents’ working status in “Determinants of Parenting Model”. The culture is also important contextual source which is in interaction with parenting. Families adapt their own cultural tendencies to relationship with their children, interpret childrens’ features children and relate with their children base on their own culture (Bornstein, 2012). The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between contextual sources which belong to Belsky’s model and mother’s internalized cultural values. The other purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the relationship between contextual sources and mother’s internalized cultural values on mother-child relationships with measurements done by children and mothers. 138 mother-child dyad participated from Ankara in this study. Children go to primary and secondary school and their ages change between 6 and 12 (M= 8.65, SD= 1.74). Demographic Information Form, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Portrait Values Questionnaire, Parent Child Relationship Scale and also Four Field Map for children were used to collect data. According to the results, in MANOVA analysis which was conducted to investigate mothers’ working status, employed mothers have more openess to change and self-enhancement values, less conservation values than unemployed mothers. Dyadic consensus scores which inferred dyadic adjustment for emloyed mothers is also higher than unemployed mothers. In addition, according to mothers’ reports, employed mothers’ scores of negative mother and child relationship are higher than unemployed mothers’ scores. Results of the Hierarchical Regression analyses showed that mothers’ internalized self-transcendence values and dyadic consensus predicted positive mother child relationship positively, dyadic satisfaction predicted negative mother child relationship negatively. Also, dyadic consensus predicted child’s perception of intimacy with mother positively. Finally, mothers’internalized conservation values moderated between relationship dyadic consensus and positive mother child relationship. And, mothers’ internalized self-transcendence values moderated between relationship dyadic consensus and child’s perception of intimacy with mother. In conclusion, contextual sources that influence mother-child relation were examined in conjuction with mother’s internalized cultural values; within cultural differences in terms of mother-child relation were revealed. The results which was obtained in the study were discussed in the context of relevant literature.