Elle Taşıma Yapan İşçilerde Ergonomik Farkındalık Oluşturma ve Kas İskelet Sistemi Rahatsızlıklarını Önlemeye Yönelik İki Farklı Eğitim Yönteminin Karşılaştırılması
Akgöl, Ahmet Cüneyt
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Handling workerks have musculoskeletal risks since they carry heavy objects and make repetitive moves with some parts of their bodies as a part of their jobs. This situation is not only an important health problem for the employees but also a global and serious burden for employers and national economies. Generally speaking ergonomic approaches, which are known to reduce musculoskeletal disorders, costs, loss of work and efficiency, work-related accidents basing on lack of attention and increase life quality of the employees, are being applied. Most of those approaches consists of trainings aiming increasing the level of knowledge of the employees on musculoskeletal disorders and methods for protection from them, and imposing safer behavioral habits. The purpose of this study is; to create an effective training method in order to reduce the ergonomic risks of handling workers and bringing them skills for taking measures for those risks. Thereof, a training method adopted as per experimental learning theory (TMAELT) is designed and compared with the traditional training models basing on seminars. As per the results of the follow up for one year, the trainings basing on TMAELT reduced musculoskeleton symptoms, musculoskeleton and ergonomic risks and risky working posture habits significantly(p<0,05). On the other hand, the trainings basing on seminar method did not create any difference (p<0,05). These results showed that the trainings basing on TMAELT can be used as an effective method for reducing the health and ergonomic risks of the handling workers and bringing ergonomic awareness for them to take measure for those risks.