Şeyhülislam Ebussuûd Efendi Fetvaları Işığında Klasik Dönem Osmanlı Hukukunda Zımmîlik Statüsü
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In Ottoman Empire, which was a cosmopolitan Islamic state, the status of Dhimmi and the treatment against them are investigated through various documents. Fetvas, one of the most important sources of Ottoman law system, are important samples of these documents giving clues concerning the status of dhimmis. In this study, fetvas of Ebussuûd the Shayk al-Islam who performed at the most successful time of Ottoman Empire, are analyzed by considering the fairness against dhimmis and the opportunities provided them with Islamic law. In this respect, firstly status of dhimmis is analyzed in Islamic Law, then in Ottoman law system in classical period and in Kanunnâmes; secondly fatvas are construed in terms of social life, economic life and civil law.