Ebeveyn Çocuk İhmal ve İstismarı Farkındalık Ölçeği'nin Geliştirilmesi ve Uygulanması
Ünal, Hazal Begüm
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Child abuse and neglect is a worldwide problem. Under any circumstances should a child experience abuse or neglect. While these experiences have negative effects on the body and mental health of people from all ages, childhood injuries cause irreversible damage to the child. For this reason, people who are responsible for the care and protection of the child need to be aware of child abuse and neglect. Parents who are obliged to meet all kinds of needs of their children may intentionally or unintentionally neglect and abuse their children or may not realize that their children are being exploited by others. However, parents have the power to reduce child abuse and neglect in the world as long as they observe and protect their children and teach them how to defend themselves. With this research, a scale was developed to determine the parents' awareness of neglect and abuse of children who attend preschool education in the light of field literacy scans, and a validity-reliability study was conducted on this scale. In the second part of the study, it was examined if there is a relationship between child neglect and abuse awareness and parents' gender, age, income status, education level and their knowledge about child neglect and abuse. In the first part of the study which involves 595 parents, the SPSS 22 package program was used to determine the Cronbach's Alpha Coefficient, the item factor loadings, the item total correlations, and the Explicit Factor Analysis. The Parents' Child Neglect and Abuse Scale, which had 60 items at first, was finalized as 45 items after excluding 15 items that do not have sufficient item-total correlations (<0,50) and factor loads (<0,45). As a result of the analysis, valid and reliable The Parents' Child Neglect and Abuse Scale was reapplied to 144 parents and their awareness scores were examined according to their parents' gender, age, income status, education level and taking education about child neglect and abuse. In the second part of the study, it was concluded that there was a meaningful difference in parents' awareness scores depending on their gender, age, income status and education about child neglect and abuse.