Türkiye’de Kamu Verilerinin Açık Devlet Uygulamaları ve Belge Yönetimi Çerçevesinde Değerlendirilmesi: Bir Model Önerisi
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Since the increase in open access trends, ensuring the reusability and availability of publicly funded data with reference to the right to access information have become more and more important. Data transparency is crucial in terms of citizen engagement, participatory democracy and developing new economies. After ensuring citizen access to publicly funded data, a significant progress has been made regarding its transparency and accountability. In this context, with the opening of public data, open government practices and new political discourses emerged. The opening-up of government data and obtaining economic, social and political gains constitute an important pillar of the agenda defined as "open government" in the related literature. Open government is a doctrine that enables free public access to government data by all segments of society and (re)using it without any restrictions. Over time, countries have developed open government national action plans and put them into practice to achieve the objectives. In this respect, open government models, evaluation criteria, and scientific studies on collecting open government data continues to grow in importance. In this study, within the scope of institutional and legal frameworks, public data that is the key element of open government processes in Turkey has been evaluated with reference to the literature on open government processes and information management practices. Open government strategies and action plans of Turkey are in fact too basic. Thus, Turkey has been facing political, technical and legal issues regarding open government practices as well as open government data configuration, and it has no sustainable structure. In this study, an evaluation instrument is devised based on similar studies and models in the literature to analyse 21 institutions that are conferred responsibility for Turkey’s open government practices in various strategies and action plans and integrated into e-government portal. According to the results obtained in this study, the following hypothesis is verified: There is a lack of political, technical and legal infrastructure related to defining the content and management processes related to open government practices and creating the awareness about the preparation of public institutions for open government applications in Turkey. In line with the results, a model that can be used as a guide for the open government practices and the opening-up of the public data has been developed.