Cinsel İstismara Maruz Kalan Çocukların Sosyo-Demografik ve Ekonomik Özelliklerinin Travmatik Strese Etkisi
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In this study; The purpose of this study was to determine the traumatic stress effect of socio-demographic and economic characteristics of children under 18 years old who were brought together with their families due to sexual abuse of Kocaeli Child Monitoring Center after sexual abuse. In this study, retrospective research method which is one of the observational research methods is used. The sample of the work was files of 163 children and their families aged 9-18 years who were transferred to Kocaeli Chief Public Prosecutor's Office in Kocaeli between 2013-2016 and directed to Kocaeli Child Monitoring Center. In a retrospective review of the child files exposed to sexual abuse; A screening form and the Post-Traumatic Stress Response Scale for Children and Young People were used to determine the socio-demographic and economic characteristics of children, the characteristics of sexual abuse and psycho-social status of children. At the end of the study, socio-demographic and economic characteristics of children and their families exposed to sexual abuse constitute a risk factor in terms of sexual abuse, and socio-demographic characteristics such as age, gender, class level, and course success of the child were found to be effective on traumatic stress. It has been determined that older children, children with lower education levels and girls are at risk group in terms of posttraumatic stress symptoms. Penetration of child sexual abuse and domestic sexual abuse have been found to increase traumatic stress. Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of parents did not predict children's traumatic stress but positive relations between child, mother and father and social environment were found to be effective in lowering traumatic stress after child sexual abuse As a result, there was a significant relationship between traumatic stress and family relations and social environment. Relations with parents and siblings in family relationships have resulted in a decrease in traumatic stress.