Çocukları İçin Bakım Tedbiri Talep Eden Ebeveynlerin Sorun Ve Gereksinimlerinin Eko-Sistem Yaklaşımı Temelinde İncelenmesi
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The aim of this study is to gain insight into the experiences of parents, whose children are taken into institutional care upon their request, in the light of person in environment perspective. In accordance with this aim, 13 parents, who applied to Ankara Provincial Directorate of Family and Social Policies to request institutional care for their children, were interviewed in-depth by making useof the qualitative research methods. The subjects are parents applied between 2014 and 2016. As a result of study,parental perspectives of parents are generally influenced by the general view of gender in the society and these parents see themselves in competent. It is concluded that parents see institutional care as a last result and they opt for institutional care only at the point where they are unable to deal with problems anymore. Considering the personal experiences of parents, each of them face their own particular problems, however lack of social support they need for coping with these problems is a common ground. Handing over the child to institutional care is perceived as loss by parents and they experience grieve afterwards. It can also be seen that parents keep in touch with children during institutional care and parents assign a major meaning to meetings with their children. The interviewed parents plan their futures with focusing on their children. It is understood that after handing overtheir children to institutional care, parents generally continue to battle against problems they have been facing previously. The expectations of the parents regarding the process before their children were taken into institutional care appeared to overlap with their own life experiences: day and night nursing homes, carer support, economic support, rent support. In terms of their expectations throughout the institutional care process, it is seen that they require assistance with their relationship with their children and they attach a lot of importance to the educational skills, experience and communication skills of professionals. Life experiences of parents, are tackled in multiple layers by using the ecosystem approach.