TÜRKİYE-SURİYE SINIRINDA YER ALAN MÜLTECİ KAMPLARI ÇEVRESİNDE VE MÜLTECİ GÖÇ YOLLARI ÜZERİNDEKİ SİVRİSİNEK (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE) TÜRLERİNİN TESPİT EDİLMESİ
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The internal unrest in Syria forced 4,000,000 Syrian citizens to immigrate to neighbouring countries. This has increased the importance of monitoring the mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases in the region. In this context, mosquito samples were collected during the mosquito seasons on Southeast Anatolia where immigrants are intensively settled and western, northwestern borders, which are the pathway of immigration to Europe. During the study, samples were taken from 506 stations on 17 different cities. After all the collected mosquitoes were morphologically identified, some of them were kept for the molecular species identification through the sequence of the mitochondrial COI gene region, whereas all the remaining samples were sent to the virus analysis. As a result of the morphological identification, 30,940 collected mosquitoes were found to contain 6 genera and 22 specimens, and the identification of selected specimens and especially individuals belonging to species complexes was confirmed by molecular methods. The presence of the species Aedes albopictus, Ae. aegypti, Anopheles sacharovi and Culex pipiens s.l. in the study area, which are known to be vectors, has become even more important with the advent of the immigrants. This thesis is the prelude to a surveillance exercise for the region concerned.