Okul Öncesi Dönemdeki Çocuklarda Bakış Açısı Alma Becerileri, Duygu Düzenleme Ve Ahlak Gelişiminin Davranış Sorunları Ile Ilişkisi
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This study aimed to investigate the mediator role of emotion regulation and moral judgments in the relationship between cognitive and affective perspective-taking skills of children and their internalizing-externalizing problems. In addition, whether children show differences in these variables according to their age, gender and socioeconomic status was examined. This study consisted of 123 children aged between 4 and 6, and their parents. Mountain,Sally-Anne, and Ice-Cream Tasks, Denham Emotion Understanding Test, moral dilemmas, Emotion Regulation Checklist, Hacettepe Psychological Adaptation Scale were used.Findings indicated that children’s cognitive and affective perspective-taking and moral judgments show differences according to age, gender and socioeconomic status. Perspective-taking skills positively predicted their awareness;negatively predicted internalizing problems. Also, emotion regulation negatively predicted internalizing and externalizing problems of children.